Annals of Dyslexia

, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 111-135

First online:

Orthographic processing efficiency in developmental dyslexia: an investigation of age and treatment factors at the sublexical level

  • Beth A. O’BrienAffiliated withSchool of Education, CECH, University of Cincinnati Email author 
  • , Maryanne WolfAffiliated withTufts University
  • , Lynne T. MillerAffiliated withTufts University
  • , Maureen W. LovettAffiliated withHospital for Sick Children
  • , Robin MorrisAffiliated withGeorgia State University

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Reading fluency beyond decoding is a limitation to many children with developmental reading disorders. In the interest of remediating dysfluency, contributing factors need to be explored and understood in a developmental framework. The focus of this study is orthographic processing in developmental dyslexia, and how it may contribute to reading fluency. We investigated orthographic processing speed and accuracy by children identified with dyslexia that were enrolled in an intensive, fluency-based intervention using a timed visual search task as a tool to measure orthographic recognition. Results indicate both age and treatment effects, and delineate a link between rapid letter naming and efficient orthographic recognition. Orthographic efficiency was related to reading speed for passages, but not spelling performance. The role of orthographic learning in reading fluency and remediation is discussed.


Developmental dyslexia Fluency Intervention Orthographic processing