Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 115–139

Preferred quantization rules: Born–Jordan versus Weyl. The pseudo-differential point of view


DOI: 10.1007/s11868-011-0025-6

Cite this article as:
de Gosson, M. & Luef, F. J. Pseudo-Differ. Oper. Appl. (2011) 2: 115. doi:10.1007/s11868-011-0025-6


There has recently been evidence for replacing the usual Weyl quantization procedure by the older and much less known Born–Jordan rule. In this paper we discuss this quantization procedure in detail and relate it to recent results of Boggiato, De Donno, and Oliaro on the Cohen class. We begin with a discussion of some properties of Shubin’s τ-pseudo-differential calculus, which allows us to show that the Born–Jordan quantization of a symbol a is the average for \({\tau\in[0,1]}\) of the τ-operators with symbol a. We study the properties of the Born–Jordan operators, including their symplectic covariance, and give their Weyl symbol.

Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fakultät für MathematikUniversität Wien, NuHAGViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA