- Cite this article as:
- Eigelberger, M.S. & Duh, QY. Curr. Treat. Options in Oncol. (2001) 2: 321. doi:10.1007/s11864-001-0025-5
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The only definitive therapy for patients with pheochromocytoma is surgical resection [1,2]. Advances in preoperative medical management of hypertension/hypovolemia and improved intraoperative anesthetic care have reduced the operative mortality rate for pheochromocytoma to less than 5% in most series . In addition, accurate preoperative localization studies have eliminated the need for extensive exploratory laparotomy. Focused approach and laparoscopic resection have become the new “gold standard,” with a reduced morbidity . Large or locally invasive pheochromocytomas may still require open resection.