Coastal erosion management and the European principles of ICZM: local versus strategic perspectives
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- McKenna, J., Cooper, J.A.G. & O’Hagan, A.M. J Coast Conserv (2009) 13: 165. doi:10.1007/s11852-008-0040-9
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The European Recommendation on Integrated Coastal Zone Management has six core principles. These form two groups, one concerned with strategic goals and one that has a local focus. The principles are presented as a menu of free-standing options, with no prioritization either within or between groups. In the case of coastal erosion management these characteristics result in irreconcilable conflicts, and actively hinder sustainable management of eroding coasts. The principles require clarification, and recognition that they are an indivisible integrated set which should not be used to select principles to advance a particular agenda. It is essential that the strategic principles are given priority, because only they can underpin a sustainable approach to the issue of coastal erosion.