Irish Journal of Medical Science

, Volume 180, Issue 1, pp 163–166

Improving venous thromboembolic disease prophylaxis in medical inpatients: a role for education and audit

  • B. D. Kent
  • P. Nadarajan
  • N. B. Akasheh
  • I. Sulaiman
  • S. Karim
  • S. Cooney
  • S. J. Lane
  • E. D. Moloney
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11845-010-0619-7

Cite this article as:
Kent, B.D., Nadarajan, P., Akasheh, N.B. et al. Ir J Med Sci (2011) 180: 163. doi:10.1007/s11845-010-0619-7

Abstract

Background

Venous thromboembolic disease (VTED) prophylaxis is a key strategy in reducing preventable deaths in medical inpatients. We assessed compliance with internationally published guidelines for VTED prophylaxis in at-risk medical patients before and 1 month after an educational intervention to enhance compliance with such guidelines.

Results

One hundred and fifty patients were assessed on each occasion. Pre-intervention, VTED prophylaxis was prescribed in only 48% of at-risk cases. Compliance was best among patients under stroke services and worst for those under acute medical teams. Patients within specialist units were more likely to be prescribed prophylaxis than those in general wards (75 vs. 53%; p = 0.0019). Post-intervention, overall compliance improved to 63% (p = 0.041 for comparison). There was a significant improvement among general medical teams (48 vs. 75%; p = 0.001), and in general wards (52 vs. 74%; p = 0.003).

Conclusions

Thromboprophylaxis is under-prescribed in medical inpatients, but compliance with international guidelines can be significantly enhanced with targeted educational intervention.

Keywords

Embolism and thrombosisPrevention and controlEvidence-based practiceEducation medicalClinical audit

Copyright information

© Royal Academy of Medicine in Ireland 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. D. Kent
    • 1
  • P. Nadarajan
    • 2
  • N. B. Akasheh
    • 2
  • I. Sulaiman
    • 2
  • S. Karim
    • 2
  • S. Cooney
    • 2
  • S. J. Lane
    • 2
  • E. D. Moloney
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pulmonary and Sleep DisordersSt. Vincent’s University HospitalDublin 4Ireland
  2. 2.Department of Respiratory MedicineAdelaide and Meath HospitalDublin 24Ireland