Existence and Non-existence in Sabzawari’s Ontology
- First Online:
- Cite this article as:
- Kamal, M. SOPHIA (2012) 51: 395. doi:10.1007/s11841-011-0283-z
- 136 Downloads
Sabzawari is one of the greatest Muslim philosophers of the nineteenth century. He belongs to Sadrian Existentialism, which became a dominant philosophical tradition during the Qajar dynasty in Iran. This paper critically analyses Sabzawari’s ontological discussion on the dichotomy of existence and quiddity and the relation between existence and non-existence. It argues against Sabzawari by advocating the idea that ‘Existence’ rather than quiddity is the ground for identity as well as for diversity, and that non-existence, like existence, is able to produce an effect.