, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 577-589

First online:

On Polkinghorne’s Unification of General Providence, Special Providence and Miracle

  • Morgan LuckAffiliated withSchool of Humanities and Social Sciences, & The Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, Charles Sturt University Email author 

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John Polkinghorne claims there are no real distinctions between general providence, special providence and miracle. In this paper I determine whether this claim could be true given Polkinghorne’s wider account of these types of divine action. I conclude that this claim could be true, but only given a particular reading of Polkinghorne. I then defend this reading in light of two potential objections.


John Polkinghorne General providence Special providence Miracle Divine action