, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 577–589

On Polkinghorne’s Unification of General Providence, Special Providence and Miracle


DOI: 10.1007/s11841-010-0228-y

Cite this article as:
Luck, M. SOPHIA (2010) 49: 577. doi:10.1007/s11841-010-0228-y


John Polkinghorne claims there are no real distinctions between general providence, special providence and miracle. In this paper I determine whether this claim could be true given Polkinghorne’s wider account of these types of divine action. I conclude that this claim could be true, but only given a particular reading of Polkinghorne. I then defend this reading in light of two potential objections.


John PolkinghorneGeneral providenceSpecial providenceMiracleDivine action

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Humanities and Social Sciences, & The Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public EthicsCharles Sturt UniversityWagga WaggaAustralia