JOM

, Volume 58, Issue 7, pp 52–56

The use of functionally gradient materials in medicine

  • Roger J. Narayan
  • Linn W. Hobbs
  • Chunming Jin
  • Afsaneh Rabiei
Overview Surface Modification in Bioapplications

DOI: 10.1007/s11837-006-0142-5

Cite this article as:
Narayan, R.J., Hobbs, L.W., Jin, C. et al. JOM (2006) 58: 52. doi:10.1007/s11837-006-0142-5

Abstract

Functionally gradient materials are characterized by uniform changes in composition, crystallinity, and/or grain structure, which may provide unique biological, chemical, or mechanical functionalities in next-generation medical devices. In this article, the development of functionally gradient Zr−Nb alloys, hydroxyapatite coatings, and diamondlike carbon-metal coatings for medical applications is reviewed.

Copyright information

© Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger J. Narayan
    • 1
  • Linn W. Hobbs
    • 2
  • Chunming Jin
    • 1
  • Afsaneh Rabiei
    • 3
  1. 1.Joint Department of Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of North Carolina and North Carolina State UniversityChapel Hill
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at North Carolina State University in Raleigh