Crucible damascus steel: A fascination for almost 2,000 years
- Ann Feuerbach
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Whether you call it Indian wootz, Central Asian Pulad, Bulat, or Oriental Damascus, crucible steel has fascinated craftsmen, scientists, and laymen for almost 2,000 years. This paper will present current research on the origins of crucible steel, its influence on the history of ferrous alloys, and the current interest in this decorative, yet functional, metal.
- R. Elgood, The Arms and Armour of Arabia in the 18th–19th and 20th Centuries (London: Scholar Press 1994), pp. 103–108.
- M. Sachse, Damascus Steel: Myth, History, Technology, Applications (Wirtschaftseverk: N.W. Verl. Fur Neue Wiss, 1994).
- H.M. Said, Al-Beruni's Book on Mineralogy: The Book Most Comprehensive in Knowledge on Precious Stones (Islamabad: Pakistan Hijra Council, 1989), pp. 219–220.
- R. Hadfield, Faraday and His Metallurgical Researches (London: Chapman and Hall, 1931).
- W. Rostoker and B. Bronson, Pre-Industrial Iron, Its Technology and Ethnology, Archaeomaterials Monograph No. 1 (Philadelphia: Archaeomaterials, 1990).
- H. Wilkinson, “On Iron,” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (5) (1839), p. 389.
- J.W. Allan and B. Gilmour, Persian Steel: The Tanavoli Collection (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).
- A. Feuerbach, D.R. Griffiths, and J.F. Merkel, “Crucible Steel Manufacturing at Merv,” Mining and Metal Production through the Ages, ed. P. Craddock and J. Lang (London: British Museum, 2003), pp. 258–266.
- Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon, www.uni-koeln.de/cgi-bin/Sfgate (2001).
- G.A. Grierson, Linguistic Survey of India, 1 (2) (London, 1928), p. 77.
- J. Verhoeven, A.H. Pendray, and W.E. Dauksch, “The Key Role of Impurities in Ancient Damascus Steel Blades,” JOM, 50 (9) (1998), pp. 58–64.
- P. Craddock, “New Light on the Production of Crucible Steel in Asia,” Bulletin of the Metals Museum, 29 (1998), p. 49.
- S. Srinivasan and D. Griffiths, “Crucible Steel in South India-Preliminary Investigations on Crucibles from Some Newly Identified Sites,” Material Issues in Art and Archaeology, 5 (1997), pp. 111–125.
- A. Feuerbach, Crucible Steel in Central Asia: Production, Use, and Origins, University College London, Institute of Archaeology, Ph.D. dissertation.
- M. Wayman and G. Julefl, “Crucible Steel Making in Sri Lanka,” Historical Metallurgy, 33 (1999), pp. 26–42.
- B. Bronson, “The Making and Selling of Wootz, A Crucible Steel of India,” Archaeomaterials 1 (1986), pp. 13–51.
- Th. Rehren and O. Papakhristu, “Cutting Edge Technology—The Ferghana Process of Medieval Crucible Steel Smelting,” Metalla (Bochum: 2000), 7 (2) pp. 37–51.
- J. Moxon, Mechanick Exercises or Doctrine of Handy Works (London: Ludgate, 1677).
- W. Rostoker and B. Bronson, Pre-Industrial Iron, Its Technology and Ethnology, Monograph No. 1 (Philadelphia: Archaeomaterials, 1990), p. 130.
- M. Faraday, “An Analysis of Wootz, or Indian Steel,” Quarterly Journal of Science (7) (1819), pp. 288.
- Crucible damascus steel: A fascination for almost 2,000 years
Volume 58, Issue 5 , pp 48-50
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Ann Feuerbach (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Middle East and Central Asia Department at Hofstra, University in Hempstead, New York