Why did the world trade center collapse? Science, engineering, and speculation Authors
Special report Feature
Cite this article as: Eagar, T.W. & Musso, C. JOM (2001) 53: 8. doi:10.1007/s11837-001-0003-1 Abstract
There have been numerous reports detailing the cause of the World Trade Center Tower collapse on September 11, 2001. Most have provided qualitative explanations; however, simple quantitative analyses show that some common conclusions are incorrect; for example, the steel could not melt in these flames and there was more structural damage than merely softening of the steel at elevated temperatures. Some guidelines for improvements in future structures are presented.
For more information, contact T.W. Eagar, MIT, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Room 4-136, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139-4301; (617) 253-5793; fax (617) 252-1773; e-mail email@example.com.
Presentation on WTC Collapse, Civil Engineering Department, MIT, Cambridge, MA (October 3, 2001).
An Introduction to Fire Dynamics (New York: Wiley Interscience, 1985), pp. 134–140.
A.E. Cote, ed.,
Fire Protection Handbook 17th Edition (Quincy, MA: National Fire Protection Association, 1992), pp. 10–67.
A.E. Cote, ed.,
Fire Protection Handbook 17th Edition (Quincy, MA: National Fire Protection Association, 1992), pp. 6–62 to 6–70.
Steven Ashley, “When the Twin Towers Fell,”
Scientific American Online (October 9, 2001); www.sciam.com/explorations/2001/100901wtc/
Zdenek P. Bazant and Yong Zhou, “Why Did the World Trade Center Collapse?—Simple Analysis,”
J. Engineering Mechanics ASCE, (September 28, 2001), also www.tam.uiuc.edu/news/200109wtc/
Timothy Wilkinson, “World Trade Centre-New York—Some Engineering Aspects” (October 25, 2001), Univ. Sydney, Department of Civil Engineering;
G. Charles Clifton, “Collapse of the World Trade Centers,”
CAD Headlines, tenlinks.com (October 8, 2001); www.tenlinks.com/NEWS/special/wtc/clifton/p1.htm. Copyright information
© Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2001