Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 724–730

Comparison of granular activated carbon bio-sorption and advanced oxidation processes in the treatment of leachate effluent

  • Javeed Mohammed Abdul
  • Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran
  • Ho Kyong Shon
  • Areerachakul Nathaporn
  • Jaya Kandasamy
Biotechnology

DOI: 10.1007/s11814-009-0121-y

Cite this article as:
Abdul, J.M., Vigneswaran, S., Shon, H.K. et al. Korean J. Chem. Eng. (2009) 26: 724. doi:10.1007/s11814-009-0121-y
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Abstract

Landfill leachate is a toxic effluent of a decomposing landfill that is produced when rainwater percolates through the landfill leaching out contaminants and pollutants. Untreated leachate is a potential source for the contamination of soil, surface and ground water. In this study, the treatment processes such as granular activated carbon (GAC) adsorption/bio-sorption (batch), and advanced oxidation processes (AOP) viz. photocatalysis and Fenton’s process were evaluated and compared by using synthetic landfill leachate (SLL) as a contaminant. TiO2 was used as a catalyst in photocatalysis, and Fenton’s reagent (H2O2/Fe+2) was used in Fenton’s process. The degradation of SLL effluent by the three above-mentioned processes was characterized by the % TOC removal. The % TOC removed by photocatalysis, Fenton oxidation and bio-sorption (which includes adsorption and biodegradation) was 30, 60 and 85%, respectively. The bio-sorption increased with the increasing GAC dose. The optimum dose of Fenton’s reagent in advanced oxidation was 15 and 400 milli moles of Fe+2 and H2O2, respectively. The Fenton’s process showed faster degradation kinetics compared to biodegradation and photocatalysis.

Key words

Landfill Leachate Bio-sorption Advanced Oxidation Photocatalysis 

Copyright information

© Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Javeed Mohammed Abdul
    • 1
  • Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran
    • 1
  • Ho Kyong Shon
    • 1
  • Areerachakul Nathaporn
    • 2
  • Jaya Kandasamy
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of TechnologySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Rajamangala University of TechnologyThanyaburi, PathumtaniThailand

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