, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 7-16
Date: 02 Apr 2011

Effect of bottom undulation on the waves generated due to rolling of a plate

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Abstract

In the present paper, the effect of a small bottom undulation of the sea bed in the form of periodic bed form on the surface waves generated due to a rolling oscillation of a vertical barrier either partially immersed or completely submerged in water of non uniform finite depth is investigated. A simplified perturbation technique involving a non dimensional parameter characterizing the smallness of the bottom deformation is applied to reduce the given boundary value problem to two independent boundary value problems upto first order. The first boundary value problem corresponds to the problem of water wave generation due to rolling oscillation of a vertical barrier either partially immersed or completely submerged in water of uniform finite depth. This is a well known problem whose solution is available in the literature. From the second boundary value problem, the first order correction to the wave amplitude at infinity is evaluated in terms of the shape function characterizing the bottom undulation, by employing Green’s integral theorem. For a patch of sinusoidal ripples at the sea bottom, the first order correction to the wave amplitude at infinity for both the configuration of the barrier is then evaluated numerically and illustrated graphically for various values of the wave number. It is observed that resonant interaction of the wave generated, with the sinusoidal bottom undulation occurs when the ratio of twice the wavelength of the sinusoidal ripple to the wave length of waves generated, approaches unity. Also it is found that the resonance increases as the length of the barrier increases.

Foundation item: Supported by DST through the Research Project No. SR/SY/MS: 521/08.
Puspendu Rakshit was born in 1979. He is presently a PhD candidate at Jadavpur University Kolkata, India. His current research interest includes theory of water waves and integral equations.
Sudeshna Banerjea was born in 1963. She presently works in the Department of Mathematics, at Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India. Her current research interest includes theory of water waves and integral equations.