Research Article

Frontiers of Business Research in China

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 199-218

First online:

Work-to-family enrichment and voice behavior in China: The role of modernity

  • Haina ZhangAffiliated withDepartment of Management, University of Otago Email author 
  • , Xia ZhouAffiliated withDepartment of Marketing, Drexel University
  • , Ying WangAffiliated withInstitute of Work Psychology, University of Sheffield
  • , Malcolm H. ConeAffiliated withDepartment of Management, University of Otago


There is a lack of knowledge in the literature regarding the effects of the work-family interface on employees’ behaviors while taking into consideration of cultural values in developing countries. This study investigates the impact of work-to-family enrichment on employees’ voice behavior by focusing on the moderating role of modernity in a Chinese setting. Results from a survey of 230 Chinese married managers indicate that work-to-family enrichment positively influences voice behavior. In addition, the enrichment-voice relationship is weaker when modernity is high rather than low. The findings are discussed in terms of their theoretical and practical implications for human resource management.


voice behavior work-to-family enrichment China modernity