Journal of Cancer Survivorship

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 210–218

Employment experience of cancer survivors 2 years post-diagnosis in the Study of Cancer Survivors-I

  • Miao Yu
  • Leah M. Ferrucci
  • Ruth McCorkle
  • Elizabeth Ercolano
  • Tenbroeck Smith
  • Kevin D. Stein
  • Brenda Cartmel
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11764-011-0212-8

Cite this article as:
Yu, M., Ferrucci, L.M., McCorkle, R. et al. J Cancer Surviv (2012) 6: 210. doi:10.1007/s11764-011-0212-8

Abstract

Introduction

A large percentage of cancer survivors are in the workforce and it is important to understand their experiences and challenges in the workplace and work status changes.

Method

We utilized multivariate logistic regression to evaluate sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial measures as potential predictors of having at least one negative work-related experience and reporting a reduction in workload among cancer survivors 2 years post-diagnosis in the longitudinal Study of Cancer Survivors-I.

Result

Many cancer survivors (62%) reported having at least one negative work-related experience 2 years post-diagnosis; they were more likely to be male (OR = 1.70, 95% CI = 1.32–2.18), have lower household income (>$80,000 vs. <$20,000; OR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.35–0.79), be farther from diagnosis (OR = 1.06, 95% CI = 1.02–1.10), and have deteriorating physical (OR = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.94–0.98) and mental (OR = 0.94, 95% CI = 0.92–0.96) health. Among those employed full-time 1 year post-diagnosis, older age (65+ vs. <55; OR = 2.71, 95% CI = 1.18–6.24), negative work-related experiences (2+ vs. 0; OR = 1.78, 95% CI = 1.00–3.14), and deteriorating physical (OR = 0.93, 95% CI = 0.90–0.95) and mental (OR = 0.97, 95% CI = 0.95–0.99) health were associated with reporting a reduced workload 2 years post-diagnosis.

Discussions

Several sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics were associated with negative work-related experiences and reduced workload in this population of cancer survivors who were working 1 to 2 years post-diagnosis. Additional research is needed to determine if these experiences and predictors are consistent in other cancer survivor populations.

Implications for cancer survivors

Being aware that some working cancer survivors may have negative work-related experiences and/or may not maintain full employment in later survivorship years may enable cancer survivors and employers to improve survivors’ experiences at work.

Keywords

EmploymentCancer survivorsPsychosocial

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miao Yu
    • 1
  • Leah M. Ferrucci
    • 1
  • Ruth McCorkle
    • 2
    • 4
  • Elizabeth Ercolano
    • 2
  • Tenbroeck Smith
    • 3
  • Kevin D. Stein
    • 3
  • Brenda Cartmel
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Yale School of Public HealthNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Yale School of NursingNew HavenUSA
  3. 3.American Cancer Society Behavioral Research CenterAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Yale Cancer CenterNew HavenUSA