Journal of Cancer Survivorship

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 12–19

Non-cancer adverse health conditions and perceived health and function among cancer survivors participating in a community-based cohort study in Washington County, Maryland

Authors

    • Prevention and Research Center, Weinberg Center for Women’s Health and MedicineMercy Medical Center
    • Department of EpidemiologyJohns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health
  • Bindu Kalesan
    • Prevention and Research Center, Weinberg Center for Women’s Health and MedicineMercy Medical Center
  • Sandra C. Hoffman
    • Department of EpidemiologyJohns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health
  • Kathy J. Helzlsouer
    • Prevention and Research Center, Weinberg Center for Women’s Health and MedicineMercy Medical Center
    • Department of EpidemiologyJohns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11764-008-0046-1

Cite this article as:
Gallicchio, L., Kalesan, B., Hoffman, S.C. et al. J Cancer Surviv (2008) 2: 12. doi:10.1007/s11764-008-0046-1

Abstract

Introduction

This study was conducted in an ongoing community-based cohort study to examine the prevalence of non-cancer adverse health conditions among cancer survivors and the association of these conditions with self-rated health and functional status.

Methods

Data were analyzed from CLUE II, a community-based cohort study in Washington County, Maryland that began in 1989. Cross-sectional comparisons were made between 1,261 cancer survivors and 1,261 age- and gender-matched individuals without a history of cancer. Information on non-cancer adverse health conditions, self-rated health, and activities of daily living was based on self-report.

Results

Compared to individuals without a history of cancer, cancer survivors were significantly more likely to report a diagnosis of cardiovascular disease (33.8% versus 29.8%; p = 0.009) and endocrine disease (other than diabetes) (17.0% versus 14.3%; p = 0.02). Further, cancer survivors reporting two or more non-cancer adverse health conditions had a greater likelihood of reporting fair or poor self-rated health (odds ratio (OR) 4.11; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 3.06, 5.54), and difficulty with at least one activity of daily living (OR 6.03; 95% CI 4.01, 9.05) compared to cancer survivors who did not report other adverse health conditions.

Discussions/Conclusions

Findings from this cross-sectional data analysis indicate that cancer survivors are at increased risk for non-cancer adverse health conditions, which are associated with poorer self-rated health, more interference with normal activities, and functional limitations.

Implications for Cancer Survivors

Increased attention must be given to the preventive care and treatment of non-cancer adverse health conditions among cancer survivors to decrease non-cancer morbidity and mortality and to maintain and improve quality of life.

Keywords

SurvivorNeoplasmsComorbidityHealth

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008