, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 289-302
Date: 19 May 2009

No-reference assessment of blur and noise impacts on image quality

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The quality of images may be severely degraded in various situations such as imaging during motion, sensing through a diffusive medium, and low signal to noise. Often in such cases, the ideal un-degraded image is not available (no reference exists). This paper overviews past methods that dealt with no-reference (NR) image quality assessment, and then proposes a new NR method for the identification of image distortions and quantification of their impacts on image quality. The proposed method considers both noise and blur distortion types that may exist in the image. The same methodology employed in the spatial frequency domain is used to evaluate both distortion impacts on image quality, while noise power is further independently estimated in the spatial domain. Specific distortions addressed here include additive white noise, Gaussian blur and de-focus blur. Estimation results are compared to the true distortion quantities, over a set of 75 different images.