Potential Development of Value-Added Fishery Products in Underutilized and Commercial Fish Species: Comparative Study of Lipid Quality Indicators
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- Agh, N., Jasour, M.S. & Noori, F. J Am Oil Chem Soc (2014) 91: 1171. doi:10.1007/s11746-014-2454-x
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In this study, proximate and fatty acid composition in the edible flesh of eight underutilized and five commercial freshwater fish species were compared in order to evaluate the potential of these fish for development of functional value-added fishery products. The lipid content (% dry weight basis) of investigated fish species ranged from 3.44 to 9.25 in underutilized and 3.73–7.68 in commercial species. In comparison with underutilized fish species, commercial species had higher levels of protein (P < 0.05). The high proportion of EPA+DHA was found with Goldfish (524 mg/100 g flesh), Wels (422 mg/100 g flesh), and Crucian carp (354 mg/100 g flesh), all of which belonged to underutilized group. All studied fish (save Lenkoran) showed values higher than the minimum recommended DHA/EPA value (0.45). The ratios of n-6/n-3 found in this study were much lower (save Goatfish) than those cited as a harmful value (4.0 as the maximum value). The PUFA/SFA value of the present fish samples was higher at 1.57 for Goatfish, 1.02 for Lenkoran, 0.68 for Wels, all of these fish belonging to the underutilized group. The highest atherogenic and thrombogenicity index values were generally obtained for commercial species. It seems in respect of comparability of these lipid quality indicators, the underutilized fish species could be highly recommended as an important source of polyunsaturated fatty acids and Max-EPA products for humans consumption.