Cheong, L., Tan, C., Long, K. et al. J Am Oil Chem Soc (2009) 86: 723. doi:10.1007/s11746-009-1413-4
Physicochemical, textural and viscoelastic properties of palm diacylglycerol (PDG) bakery margarines (DOS720, DOS721 and DOS711) and commercial margarine (CM) throughout a 3-month storage period were evaluated and compared. All the margarines had significant (P < 0.05) increments in slip melting point (SMP), solid fat content (SFC) and hardness during storage with CM having the highest overall increment followed by margarines DOS711, DOS 721 and DOS720. The smaller increments are mainly due to the ability of PDG to delay polymorphic transformation from β′ to β form. In terms of viscoelastic properties, all margarines had a higher degree of firmness which may probably be due to rearrangement of the fat crystals into a three-dimensional scaffolding network upon storage. In terms of melting behavior, storage has no effects on all margarines with the exception of margarine DOS711. The melting behavior of margarine DOS711 displayed a probability of oil exudation during storage. As for polymorphic transformation, CM had the earliest polymorphic transformation with only β crystals after 8 weeks of storage. PDG bakery margarines managed to retard the transformation to more than 10 weeks of storage for DOS711 and 12 weeks of storage for DOS720 and DOS721.