Original Paper

Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society

, Volume 84, Issue 8, pp 755-760

First online:

Characterization of Pentadesma butyracea sabine Butters of Different Production Regions in Benin

  • Fidèle P. TchoboAffiliated withEcole polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquées (LERCA) Unité de recherche en génie enzymatique et alimentaire, Université d’Abomey-CalaviLipotechny Laboratory, UMR IATE
  • , Armand K. NattaAffiliated withFaculté d’Agronomie, Laboratoire d’Etudes et de Recherches Forestières (LERF), Université de Parakou
  • , Bruno BareaAffiliated withLipotechny Laboratory, UMR IATE
  • , Nathalie BarouhAffiliated withLipotechny Laboratory, UMR IATE
  • , Georges PiomboAffiliated withLipotechny Laboratory, UMR IATE
  • , Michel PinaAffiliated withLipotechny Laboratory, UMR IATE
  • , Pierre VilleneuveAffiliated withLipotechny Laboratory, UMR IATE Email author 
  • , Mohamed M. SoumanouAffiliated withEcole polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquées (LERCA) Unité de recherche en génie enzymatique et alimentaire, Université d’Abomey-Calavi
  • , Dominique C. K. SohounhloueAffiliated withEcole polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquées (LERCA) Unité de recherche en génie enzymatique et alimentaire, Université d’Abomey-Calavi

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Pentadesma butter (Pentadesma butyracea, sabine, clusiaceae) is an extract of the kernels of tree fruits in West Africa and similar to shea butter. The study of the fatty acid composition, triacylglycerols, sterols and tocopherols of Pentadesma butter was carried out on seeds collected in ten production areas in Benin. The results obtained show that the composition in fatty acids is characterized by the presence of stearic acid and oleic acid, which represent nearly 96% of the total fatty acids. The triacylglycerols profile of the different butters is marked by the overwhelming presence of the triacylglycerols SOS and SOO. The unsaponifiable fraction shows, for the sterolic composition, a predominance of stigmasterol (nearly 68% of the total sterols) whilst the β-tocopherol is the main tocopherol.

Keywords

Lipids analysis Pentadesma butyracea Sterols Tocopherols Triacylglycerols