Effects of cooking and screw-pressing on functional properties of Cuphea PSR23 seed proteins

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This investigation determined the effects of oil processing conditions on some functional properties of Cuphea PSR23 seed proteins to evaluate their potential for value-added uses. Flaked Cuphea seeds were cooked at 82°C (180°F) for 30, 75, or 120 min in the seed conditioner and then screw-pressed to extract the oil. Cooked flakes and press cakes were analyzed for proximate composition and protein functional properties. Results were compared with those of unprocessed ground, defatted Cuphea seeds. Protein from unprocessed Cuphea seeds had excellent emulsifying properties, poor foaming properties, poor solubility (10%) at pH 4–7, and much greater solubility at pH 2 and 10 (57 and 88%, respectively). Solubility profiles showed that cooking the flaked seeds to 82°C for 30 min resulted in a 50–60% reduction in soluble proteins. Cooking for 120 min gave <6% soluble proteins at all pH levels. Cooking for 75 min gave good oil yields but also resulted in <10% soluble proteins at pH 2–7 and 25% soluble proteins at pH 10. Seed cooking and screw pressing during oil extraction had significant detrimental effects on the solubility of Cuphea seed protein but generally improved its foaming capacity and emulsifying activity.