Polyurethane networks from formiated soy polyols: Synthesis and mechanical characterization

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Abstract

Polyurethanes can be prepared using polyols obtained from vegetable oils in natura, such as castor oil, or from functionalized vegetable oils, such as hydroxylated soybean oil. These polyurethanes have different valuable properties, determined by their chemical composition and cross-linking density. In this study, soy epoxy polyols with different OH contents were prepared through a one-step reaction using the method of in situ performic acid generation. Polyols with OH functionalities from 1.9 to 3.2 were reacted in bulk with different diisocyanates at a NCO/OH molar ratio of 0.8 and 60°C for 24 h. Mechanical properties of the polyurethanes were determined by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis, hardness (Shore A), and swelling measurements. Polymer networks with glass-transition temperatures (T g ) from −13 to 48°C were obtained. We observed that the higher the OH functionality of the polyols, the higher the T g and cross-linking density of the polyurethane network. The influence of diisocyanate structure (rigid or flexible chain), curing temperature, and curing reaction time on mechanical properties was also investigated.