Pyrrolizidine alkaloid content in crude and processed borage oil from different processing stages
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- Wretensjö, I. & Karlberg, B. J Amer Oil Chem Soc (2003) 80: 963. doi:10.1007/s11746-003-0804-z
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The pyrrolizidine alkaloid content of crude borage oil and borage oil from different processing stages was determined by GC-MS. The results showed that no pyrrolizidine alkaloids were present above a detection limit of 20 ppb. The reduction factors for pyrrolizidine alkaloids at various stages in the oil refining process were determined by means of spiking experiments using the commercially available pyrrolizidine alkaloid crotaline. It was shown that the pyrrolizidine content in crude borage oil was reduced overall by a factor of about 30,000 in the refining process.