, Volume 33, Issue 9, pp 843-852

Analysis of novel hydroperoxides and other metabolites of oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with ion trap MSn

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Linoleate is oxygenated by manganese-lipoxygenase (Mn-LO) to 11S-hydroperoxylinoleic acid and 13R-hydroperoxyoctadeca-9Z,11E-dienoic acid, whereas linoleate diol synthase (LDS) converts linoleate sequentially to 8R-hydroperoxylinoleate, through an 8-dioxygenase by insertion of molecular oxygen, and to 7S,8S-dihydroxylinoleate, through a hydroperoxide isomerase by intramolecular oxygen transfer. We have used liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) with an ion trap mass spectrometer to study the MSn mass spectra of the main metabolites of oleic, linoleic, α-linolenic and γ-linolenic acids, which are formed by Mn-LO and by LDS. The enzymes were purified from the culture broth (Mn-LO) and mycelium (LDS) of the fungus Gaeumannomyces graminis. MS3 analysis of hydroperoxides and MS2 analysis of dihydroxy- and monohydroxy metabolites yielded many fragments with information on the position of oxygenated carbons. Mn-LO oxygenated C-11 and C-13 of 18∶2n−6, 18∶3n−3, and 18∶3n−6 in a ratio of ∼1∶1–3 at high substrate concentrations. 8-Hydroxy-9(10)expoxystearate was identified as a novel metabolite of LDS and oleic acid by LC-MS and by gas chromatography-MS. We conclude that LC-MS with MSn is a convenient tool for detection and identification of hydroperoxy fatty acids and other metabolites of these enzymes.