, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 245-250
Date: 14 Dec 2012

Sphingolipid Content in the Human Uterus and Pair-Matched Uterine Leiomyomas Remains Constant

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In the present work we sought to investigate the content of sphingolipids (sphingosine, sphinganine, sphingosine-1-phosphate and ceramide) in human fibroids and pair-matched healthy uterus tissue. We demonstrated that, in uterine leiomyomas, the contents of sphingosine, sphinganine, sphingosine-1-phosphate and ceramide remains quite constant. However, a trend towards elevation of ceramide and simultaneous reduction of sphingosine-1 phosphate levels was also noticed. Additionally, in uterine leiomyomas we found relevant activation of both PTEN and MAPK(ERK1/2) signaling pathways with only a minor change in AKT activity and relatively absent HIF-1α/AMPK activation. In conclusion, rather modest changes in sphingolipids are correlated with the activation of PTEN and MAPK(ERK1/2) signaling proteins in human uterine leiomyomas.