Lipids

, Volume 46, Issue 11, pp 1071–1074

A Perinatal Palatable High-Fat Diet Increases Food Intake and Promotes Hypercholesterolemia in Adult Rats

  • Tchana Weyll Souza Oliveira
  • Carol Góis Leandro
  • Tereza Cristina Bomfim de Jesus Deiró
  • Gabriela dos Santos Perez
  • Darlene da França Silva
  • Janice Izabel Druzian
  • Ricardo David Couto
  • Jairza Maria Barreto-Medeiros
Communication

DOI: 10.1007/s11745-011-3604-7

Cite this article as:
Oliveira, T.W.S., Leandro, C.G., de Jesus Deiró, T.C.B. et al. Lipids (2011) 46: 1071. doi:10.1007/s11745-011-3604-7

Abstract

The main goal of the present study was to evaluate the long-term effects of a perinatal palatable high-fat diet on the food intake and cholesterol profile of adult rats. Male Wistar rats (aged 22 days) were divided into two groups according to their mother’s diet during gestation and lactation (Cp, n = 10; pups from control mothers; and HLpn = 10; pups from mothers fed a palatable high-fat diet). At the 76th day, pups were housed individually for 14 days, and daily food consumption was determined during a period of 6 days. Blood from 100-day-old rats was sampled by cardiac puncture. Fasting (12 h) serum glucose, total cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C, triglycerides (TG), and VLDL-C levels were determined. The measurement of food intake was higher in the animals submitted to a hyperlipidic diet during the perinatal period. Serum total cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C, TG, VLDL-C and glycemia were increased in the HLp group compared to the control group. Our findings show that an early life environment with a high-fat diet can contribute to metabolic disease in later life.

Keywords

Hyperlipidic dietCholesterolemiaRatsDevelopmental plasticityCritical period of development

Abbreviations

Cp

Control pups

HLp

Hyperlipid diet pups

HDL-C

High-density-lipoprotein cholesterol

LDL-C

Low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol

MUFA

Monounsaturated fatty acids

ND

Not detected

PUFA

Polyunsaturated fatty acids

SFA

Saturated fatty acids

TFA

Trans fatty acids

VLDL-C

Very-low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol

Copyright information

© AOCS 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tchana Weyll Souza Oliveira
    • 1
  • Carol Góis Leandro
    • 2
    • 4
  • Tereza Cristina Bomfim de Jesus Deiró
    • 1
  • Gabriela dos Santos Perez
    • 1
  • Darlene da França Silva
    • 1
  • Janice Izabel Druzian
    • 3
  • Ricardo David Couto
    • 3
  • Jairza Maria Barreto-Medeiros
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Food ScienceFederal University of BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Physical Education and Sports ScienceCAV, Federal University of PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  3. 3.Departament of PharmacyFederal University of BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  4. 4.Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Núcleo de Educação Física e Ciências do Esporte, Alto do ReservatórioVitória de Santo AntãoBrazil