Protective Effects of EPA and Deleterious Effects of DHA on eNOS Activity in Ea hy 926 Cultured with Lysophosphatidylcholine
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- Tardivel, S., Gousset-Dupont, A., Robert, V. et al. Lipids (2009) 44: 225. doi:10.1007/s11745-009-3284-8
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Oxidized low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) is a well-established risk factor in atherosclerosis and lysophosphatidylcholine (LysoPtdCho) is considered to be one of the major atherogenic component of Ox-LDL. The purpose of this work was to investigate the effects of two membrane n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) compared to n-6 PUFA, ARA (arachidonic acid), on the activation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) by histamine in Ea hy 926 endothelial cells incubated during 24 h in the presence or the absence of LysoPtdCho. DHA (50 μM) produced a ROS induction in cells and aggravated the LysoPtdCho-induced oxidative stress. It did not modify the basal eNOS activity but impaired the stimulation of eNOS induced by histamine and was unable to correct the deleterious effect of LysoPtdCho on histamine-stimulated eNOS activity or phosphorylation of Ser 1177. In contrast, EPA (90 μM) did not modify the ROS level produced in the presence or absence of LysoPtdCho or basal eNOS activity and the stimulating effect of histamine on eNOS. However, it diminished the deleterious effect of LysoPtdCho as well as on the histamine-stimulated eNOS activity on the phosphorylation on Ser 1177 of eNOS. The beneficial effect of EPA but not DHA on endothelial eNOS activity in Ea hy 926 could be also partially due to a slight decrease in membrane DHA content in EPA-treated cells. Consequently, the equilibrium between NO generated by eNOS and ROS due to oxidative stress could explain, in part, the beneficial effect of EPA on the development of cardiovascular diseases. By contrast ARA an n-6 PUFA was devoid of any effect on ROS generation or eNOS activity in the basal state or after histamine-induced stimulation. In vivo experiments should be undertaken to confirm these results.