Lipids

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 249–256

Olive oil consumption and weight change: The SUN prospective cohort study

  • M. Bes-Rastrollo
  • A. Sánchez-Villegas
  • C. de la Fuente
  • J. de Irala
  • J. A. Martínez
  • M. A. Martínez-González
Articles

DOI: 10.1007/s11745-006-5094-6

Cite this article as:
Bes-Rastrollo, M., Sánchez-Villegas, A., de la Fuente, C. et al. Lipids (2006) 41: 249. doi:10.1007/s11745-006-5094-6

Abstract

The aim of this dynamic prospective follow-up study was to assess the association between olive oil consumption and the likelihood of weight gain or the incidence of overweight or obesity in a large Mediterranean cohort of 7,368 male and female Spanish university graduates (the SUN Project) who were followed for a median period of 28.5 mon. A validated Food Frequency Questionnaire was administered at baseline, and respondents also completed a follow-up questionnaire after 28.5 mon. Changes in participants' consumption of olive oil and their weight were assessed during follow-up. A higher baseline consumption of olive oil was associated with a lower likelihood of weight gain, although the differences were not statistically significant. The adjusted difference in weight gain (kg) was −0.16 [95% confidence interval (C1): −0.42 to +0.11] for participants in the upper quintile of olive oil consumption (median: 46 g/d) compared with those in the lowest quintile (median: 6 g/d). For participants with a high baseline consumption of olive oil whose olive oil consumption also increased during follow-up, we found a slightly increased but nonsignificant risk of incidence of over-weight or obesity (adjusted odds ratio=1.19, 95% C1: 0.73 to 1.95). Our study, carried out in a sample of free-living people, shows that a high amount of olive oil consumption is not associated with higher weight gain or a significantly higher risk of developing overweight or obesity in the context of the Mediterranean food pattern.

Abbreviations

BMI

body mass index

Cl

confidence interval

FFQ

food frequency questionnaire

MET

metabolic equivalent(s)

MUFA

monounsaturated fatty acids

OR

odds ratio(s)

Copyright information

© AOCS Press 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Bes-Rastrollo
    • 3
  • A. Sánchez-Villegas
    • 3
    • 1
  • C. de la Fuente
    • 3
  • J. de Irala
    • 3
  • J. A. Martínez
    • 2
  • M. A. Martínez-González
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Clinical SciencesUniversity of Las Palmas de Gran CanariaLas Palmas de Gran CanariaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Physiology and NutritionUniversity of NavarraPamplonaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of NavarraPamplona (Navarra)Spain

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