Lipids

, Volume 40, Issue 12, pp 1193–1200

Dietary stearic acid and risk of cardiovascular disease: Intake, sources, digestion, and absorption

  • Penny M. Kris-Etherton
  • Amy E. Griel
  • Tricia L. Psota
  • Sarah K. Gebauer
  • Jun Zhang
  • Terry D. Etherton
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11745-005-1485-y

Cite this article as:
Kris-Etherton, P.M., Griel, A.E., Psota, T.L. et al. Lipids (2005) 40: 1193. doi:10.1007/s11745-005-1485-y

Abstract

Individual FA have diverse biological effects, some of which affect the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In the context of food-based dietary guidance designed to reduce CVD risk, fat and FA recommendations focus on reducing saturated FA (SFA) and trans FA (TFA), and ensuring an adequate intake of unsaturated FA. Because stearic acid shares many physical properties with the other long-chain SFA but has different physiological effects, it is being evaluated as a substitute for TFA in food manufacturing. For stearic acid to become the primary replacement for TFA, it is essential that its physical properties and biological effects be well understood.

Abbreviations

CHO

carbohydrate

CSFII

Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals

CVD

cardiovascular disease

DGAC

Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

FVIIa

activated factor DG, diglyceride; VII

HDL-C

HDL-cholesterol

kcal

calories

LDL-C

LDL-cholesterol

MG

monoglyceride

MUFA

monounsaturated FA

NHANES

National Health and Examination Surveys

SFA

saturated FA

TC

total cholesterol

TFA

trans FA

TG

triglyceride

Copyright information

© AOCS Press 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Penny M. Kris-Etherton
    • 1
    • 2
  • Amy E. Griel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tricia L. Psota
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sarah K. Gebauer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jun Zhang
    • 1
  • Terry D. Etherton
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Nutritional SciencesThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity Park
  2. 2.Department of Integrative BiosciencesThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity Park
  3. 3.Department of Dairy and Animal ScienceThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity Park