, Volume 36, Issue 1 Supplement, pp S69-S78

n-3 fatty acids: Antiatherosclerotic effects

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Abstract

The low incidence of cardiovascular disease associated epidemiologically with high consumption of food rich in n-3 fatty acids suggests the possibility that part of the beneficial cardiovascular effects of these natural substances may be due to a reduction of atherosclerosis. This has been recently confirmed in autoptic data and in at least one prospective trial evaluating the progression of coronary atherosclerosis in humans. This paper reviews published literature on n-3 fatty acids and atherosclerosis in animal models and in humans and in vitro experimental data yielding suport to the hypothesis of antiatherosclerotic effects of these substances.