Journal of Surfactants and Detergents

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 223-235

First online:

Rinse-added fabric softener technology at the close of the twentieth century

  • Matthew I. LevinsonAffiliated withStepan Company

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This paper reviews rinse-added liquid fabric softener products including current and emerging technologies related to composition, raw materials, and manufacturing processes. An introductory overview of the historical drivers, market trends, advantages and disadvantages, and consumer habits and practices that affect these products is also included.

Key words

Diamidoamine esterquat environmental formulation market quaternary ammonium cationic surfactants trends