Journal of Surfactants and Detergents

, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp 547–554

Gemini surfactants

  • Milton J. Rosen
  • David J. Tracy

DOI: 10.1007/s11743-998-0057-8

Cite this article as:
Rosen, M.J. & Tracy, D.J. J Surfact Deterg (1998) 1: 547. doi:10.1007/s11743-998-0057-8


The literature, including patents, describing the emerging area of gemini surfactants is reviewed. The differences in structure/property relationships between gemini and comparable conventional surfactants are described and discussed in terms of their predicted performance properties. Supportive performance data are enumerated.

Key words

Critical micelle concentration dispersion emulsification foaming gemini irritation surfactants synergism wetting 

Copyright information

© AOCS Press 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milton J. Rosen
    • 1
  • David J. Tracy
    • 2
  1. 1.Surfactant Research InstituteBrooklyn College of the City University of New YorkBrooklyn
  2. 2.Surfactants and Performance IngredientsRhodia, Inc.Cranbury

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