Journal of Surfactants and Detergents

, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp 547–554

Gemini surfactants

  • Milton J. Rosen
  • David J. Tracy

DOI: 10.1007/s11743-998-0057-8

Cite this article as:
Rosen, M.J. & Tracy, D.J. J Surfact Deterg (1998) 1: 547. doi:10.1007/s11743-998-0057-8


The literature, including patents, describing the emerging area of gemini surfactants is reviewed. The differences in structure/property relationships between gemini and comparable conventional surfactants are described and discussed in terms of their predicted performance properties. Supportive performance data are enumerated.

Key words

Critical micelle concentrationdispersionemulsificationfoaminggeminiirritationsurfactantssynergismwetting

Copyright information

© AOCS Press 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milton J. Rosen
    • 1
  • David J. Tracy
    • 2
  1. 1.Surfactant Research InstituteBrooklyn College of the City University of New YorkBrooklyn
  2. 2.Surfactants and Performance IngredientsRhodia, Inc.Cranbury