Emulsion Properties and Phase Equilibrium and of New Asymmetric Gemini Surfactants Consisting of Fatty Acid Esters of Polyethoxylated Alcohol or Phenol
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- Nowicki, J. J Surfact Deterg (2010) 13: 195. doi:10.1007/s11743-009-1167-x
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The emulsion and phase properties of water-surfactant systems are reported for nonionic surface active compounds of the asymmetrical gemini type resulting from the esterification of a polyethoxylated alcohol and a fatty acid. These products exhibit typical gemini surfactant properties, in particular, low critical micelle concentration (CMC) and good emulsifying properties, and they often form a gel depending on the temperature and concentration.