Journal of Surfactants and Detergents

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 195–199

Emulsion Properties and Phase Equilibrium and of New Asymmetric Gemini Surfactants Consisting of Fatty Acid Esters of Polyethoxylated Alcohol or Phenol

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11743-009-1167-x

Cite this article as:
Nowicki, J. J Surfact Deterg (2010) 13: 195. doi:10.1007/s11743-009-1167-x


The emulsion and phase properties of water-surfactant systems are reported for nonionic surface active compounds of the asymmetrical gemini type resulting from the esterification of a polyethoxylated alcohol and a fatty acid. These products exhibit typical gemini surfactant properties, in particular, low critical micelle concentration (CMC) and good emulsifying properties, and they often form a gel depending on the temperature and concentration.


SurfactantsEstersGeminiPhase behaviorEmulsion

Copyright information

© AOCS 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Heavy Organic Synthesis “Blachownia”Kędzierzyn-KoźlePoland