Journal of Surfactants and Detergents

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 337–343

Another new family of “extended” glucidoamphiphiles. Synthesis and surfactant properties for different sugar head groups and spacer arm lengths

  • C. Scorzza
  • P. Godé
  • G. Goethals
  • P. Martin
  • M. Miñana-Pérez
  • J. L. Salager
  • A. Usubillaga
  • P. Villa
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11743-002-0231-z

Cite this article as:
Scorzza, C., Godé, P., Goethals, G. et al. J Surfact Deterg (2002) 5: 337. doi:10.1007/s11743-002-0231-z

Abstract

Following a new four-step route, we prepared a family of “extended” glucidoamphiphiles from D-glucose, D-galactose, and xylitol in which the n-dodecyl chain is attached to the glucidic moiety by the linkage Z=O-Et-O-Et-O-(α-PP-O-)n′ where-O-(α-PP-O-)n is a poly-(α-propyloxy) commercial oligomeric mixture (with average length n=6, 10, and 14). This amphiphilic behavior study showed that (i) the glucose derivative exhibits water solubility and hydrophilic-lipophilic balance values that are close to those found for the glucose compound with Z=-O-(α-PP-O-)n (without the Et-O-Et group), (ii) all these compounds are more strongly hydrophilic than the corresponding glucidic derivatives with Z=O, (iii) the increase of the poly-(α-propyloxy) chain length from ñ=6 to ñ=14 tends to reduce the hydrophilicity slightly.

Key words

CMC extended glucidoamphiphiles D-galactose D-glucose HLB nonionic surfactants water solubility xylltol 

Abbreviations

CMC

critical micelle concentration

HLB

hydrophiliclipophilic balance

NMR

nuclear magnetic resonance

Sw

water solubility

Copyright information

© AOCS Press 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Scorzza
    • 1
  • P. Godé
    • 2
  • G. Goethals
    • 2
  • P. Martin
    • 2
  • M. Miñana-Pérez
    • 1
  • J. L. Salager
    • 1
  • A. Usubillaga
    • 3
  • P. Villa
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Formulación, Interfases, Reología y Procesos (FIRP), Ingeniería QuímicaUniversidad de Los AndesMéridaVehezuela
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Chimie Organique et Cinétique, Facultés des SciencesUniversité de Picardie Jules VerneAminesFrance
  3. 3.Instituto de Investigaciones, Facultad de FarmaciaUniversidad de Los AndesMéridaVenezuela

Personalised recommendations