Journal of Surfactants and Detergents

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 167–172

Novel hydrolyzable and biodegradable cationic gemini surfactants: 1,3-bis[(acyloxyalkyl)-dimethylammonio]-2-hydroxypropane dichloride

  • Taiga Tatsumi
  • Wanbin Zhang
  • Toshiyuki Kida
  • Yohji Nakatsuji
  • Daisuke Ono
  • Tokuji Takeda
  • Isao Ikeda
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11743-000-0121-4

Cite this article as:
Tatsumi, T., Zhang, W., Kida, T. et al. J Surfact Deterg (2000) 3: 167. doi:10.1007/s11743-000-0121-4

Abstract

Novel cationic gemini surfactants, 1,3-bis[(acyloxyalkyl)dimethylammonio]-2-hydroxypropane dichloride, which possess hydrolyzable oxycarbonyl moieties in the lipophilic portions, were prepared. These surfactants showed much better micelle-forming ability, ability to lower surface tension, foaming ability, and foam stability than corresponding single-chain surfactants. Their surface properties were largely influenced by changing the position of the oxycarbonyl group in the lipophilic moiety. The critical micelle concentration decreased with a decreasing number of methylene units in the linking moiety between the ammonio and the oxycarbonyl groups within the comparison of lipophilic chains of the same length. These cationic gemini surfactants also showed good biodegradability.

Key Words

Biodegradable surfactantbis(ester-ammonium) saltcationic surfactantcritical micelle concentrationgemini surfactanthydrophile-lipophile balancesurface-active properties

Copyright information

© AOCS Press 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Taiga Tatsumi
    • 2
  • Wanbin Zhang
    • 2
  • Toshiyuki Kida
    • 2
  • Yohji Nakatsuji
    • 2
  • Daisuke Ono
    • 1
  • Tokuji Takeda
    • 1
  • Isao Ikeda
    • 2
  1. 1.Osaka Municipal Technical Research InstituteOsakaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of EngineeringOsaka UniversitySuita, OsakaJapan