, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 925-932

Modulation of symbiotic efficiency and nodular antioxidant enzyme activities in two Phaseolus vulgaris genotypes under salinity

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Abstract

To analyse nodular expression of antioxidant enzymes depending on plant genotype and salinity, two Phaseolus vulgaris genotypes, tolerant BAT477 and sensitive COCOT, were inoculated with the reference strain Rhizobium tropici CIAT899 and grown under 25 and 50 mM NaCl. Plant growth, nodulation and nitrogen fixing activity measured by the acetylene reducing activity (ARA) as an indicator of nitrogenase (E.C. 1.7.9.92) activity were more affected by salt concentrations in COCOT than in BAT477, particularly with 50 mM NaCl. Electrophoresis analysis of antioxidant enzymes in nodules, roots and free-living rhizobia showed that only catalase (CAT E.C. 1.11.1.6) isoenzymes varied with genotype. The sensitive genotype showed lower antioxidant enzyme activities than tolerant genotype and it was more affected by salinity. In the tolerant genotype catalase and ascorbate peroxidase (APX, E.C. 1.11.1.11) were inhibited by salt stress, whereas superoxide dismutase (SOD, E.C. 1.15.1.1) and peroxidase (POX, E.C. 1.11.1.7) were activated by salinity. Statistical analysis allowed suggesting that tolerance to salinity is associated with a differential regulation of distinct superoxide dismutase and peroxidase activities.

Communicated by G. Klobus.