, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 1–19

The Nonduality of Speech and Silence: A Comparative Analysis of Jizang’s Thought on Language and Beyond


DOI: 10.1007/s11712-011-9263-9

Cite this article as:
Ho, Ch. Dao (2012) 11: 1. doi:10.1007/s11712-011-9263-9


Jizang 吉藏 (549−623 CE), the key philosophical exponent of the Sanlun 三論 school of Chinese Buddhism, based his philosophy considerably on his reading of the works of Nāgārjuna (c. 150−250 CE), the founder of the Indian Madhyamaka school. However, there are salient features in his thought on language that are notably absent from the works. In this article, I present a philosophical analysis of Jizang’s views of the relationship between speech and silence and compare them with those of Nāgārjuna. It is shown that while Nāgārjuna leans toward affirming a clear-cut distinction between speech and ineffable quiescence, Jizang endorses the nonduality of conventional speech and sacred silence.


JizangNāgārjunaNondualitySpeechSacred SilenceDoctrine of Twofold Truth

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate Institute of Religious StudiesNanhua UniversityChiayiTaiwan