Research Article

Frontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 53-62

Coupled solid-fluid FE-analysis of an embankment dam

  • Michael PertlAffiliated withInsitute of Basic Sciences in Civil Engineering, University of Innsbruck
  • , Matthias HofmannAffiliated withInsitute of Basic Sciences in Civil Engineering, University of Innsbruck
  • , Guenter HofstetterAffiliated withInsitute of Basic Sciences in Civil Engineering, University of Innsbruck Email author 

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Abstract

A coupled solid-fluid FE-model for partially saturated soils, characterized by modeling the soil as a three-phase material consisting of a deformable soil skeleton and the fluid phases water and air, is reviewed briefly. As a constitutive model for the soil skeleton, the well-known Barcelona Basic model (BBM) is employed, which is formulated in terms of net stress and matric suction. For the BBM, a computationally efficient return mapping algorithm is proposed, which only requires the solution of a scalar nonlinear equation at the integration point level. The coupled FE-model is applied to the coupled transient numerical simulation of the water flow and the deformations and stresses in an embankment dam.

Keywords

multi-phase model unsaturated soil model Barcelona Basic model (BBM) return mapping algorithm embankment dam