Obesity Surgery

, Volume 24, Issue 9, pp 1572–1575

Childhood Verbal Abuse: A Risk Factor for Depression in Pre-Bariatric Surgery Psychological Evaluations

  • Jessica K. Salwen
  • Genna F. Hymowitz
  • K. Daniel O’Leary
  • Aurora D. Pryor
  • Dina Vivian
Brief Communication

DOI: 10.1007/s11695-014-1281-3

Cite this article as:
Salwen, J.K., Hymowitz, G.F., O’Leary, K.D. et al. OBES SURG (2014) 24: 1572. doi:10.1007/s11695-014-1281-3

Abstract

The present study evaluated the importance of multimodal assessment of childhood verbal abuse (CVA) in pre-bariatric surgery psychological evaluations, and the role of CVA as a predictor of depression. Data from the psychological evaluations of 184 pre-bariatric surgery patients were retrospectively examined. Using two self-report measures and an interview-based screen, 52.2 % of participants reported experiencing some form of CVA; conversely, assessments of CVA based on only one measure yielded significantly lower prevalence rates. Endorsement of CVA on multiple measures was associated with more severe depressive symptomatology and greater likelihood of mood disorder diagnosis. Based on these data, a self-report measure and interview-based screen for CVA should be included in pre-bariatric psychological evaluations; either of these assessments may be conducted via a single-item screen. Lastly, patients who endorse CVA on multiple measures should be monitored closely for symptoms of depression post-surgery.

Keywords

Abuse Childhood maltreatment Depression Psychological evaluation 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jessica K. Salwen
    • 1
  • Genna F. Hymowitz
    • 1
    • 2
  • K. Daniel O’Leary
    • 1
  • Aurora D. Pryor
    • 2
  • Dina Vivian
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyStony Brook UniversityStony BrookUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryStony Brook MedicineStony BrookUSA

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