, Volume 24, Issue 8, pp 1391-1397
Date: 10 Apr 2014

Metabolic Surgery: Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Variables Associated with Diabetes Remission in Patients with BMI <35

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Abstract

Metabolic results of bariatric surgery have determined an expansion of its traditional indications, being increasingly performed in non-severely obese patients, especially in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Our aim is to determine the effectiveness of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in T2DM remission in patients with body mass index (BMI) below 35 kg/m2 and the variables associated with T2DM remission after surgery. Retrospective analysis of diabetic patients with BMI <35 kg/m2 who underwent LRYGB in our center between 2002 and 2010 was done. We analyzed patient’s demographics, comorbidities, BMI, excess weight loss percentage (EWLp), complications, and metabolic results at 3 years. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine variables associated with T2DM remission. One hundred patients were included. Sixty patients (60 %) were women; median age was 48 years old (interquartile range (IQR) 42–54), and median preoperative BMI was 32.7 kg/m2 (IQR 31.6–34.1). Median preoperative duration of T2DM was 4 years (IQR 2–7), with 49, 30, 2, and 18 % on treatment with one, two, and three hypoglycemic agents and insulin, respectively. Ninety-four percent achieved 36-month follow-up, and at this time, median EWLp was 93 % (IQR 67–121). A total of 53.2, 9.6, 25.5, and 11.7 % achieved a T2DM complete remission, partial remission, improvement, and no improvement, respectively. T2DM remission only was associated with non-insulin use in multivariate analysis, with an OR = 15.1 (2.8–81.2) and p = 0.002. LRYGB is a reliable and effective treatment in diabetic patients with a BMI <35 kg/m2 at 3 years. T2DM remission’s best results are observed in non-insulin diabetic patients.