Obesity Surgery

, Volume 22, Issue 9, pp 1456–1464

Lifestyle After Bariatric Surgery: a Multicenter, Prospective Cohort Study in Pregnant Women

  • I. Guelinckx
  • R. Devlieger
  • P. Donceel
  • S. Bel
  • S. Pauwels
  • A. Bogaerts
  • I. Thijs
  • K. Schurmans
  • P. Deschilder
  • G. Vansant
Clinical Research

DOI: 10.1007/s11695-012-0675-3

Cite this article as:
Guelinckx, I., Devlieger, R., Donceel, P. et al. OBES SURG (2012) 22: 1456. doi:10.1007/s11695-012-0675-3

Abstract

Background

To ensure a good pregnancy outcome after bariatric surgery, a healthy life-style and a multidisciplinary prenatal follow-up is recommended. The aim of this prospective multicenter trial was to compare diet quality and physical activity (PA) of pregnant women with bariatric surgery with current lifestyle recommendations.

Methods

Pregnant women (>18 years, prepregnancy BMI 28 ± 6 kg/m², 39 % nulliparae, 25 % smokers) with a history of bariatric surgery were recruited and allocated to two groups according to surgery type: restrictive (N = 18) and bypass group (N = 31). One 7-day dietary record and one Kaiser questionnaire on PA were collected during the first and second trimester. Dietary quality was assessed using the Healthy Eating Index.

Results

The diet quality did not change during pregnancy (restrictive group p = 0.050; bypass group p = 0.975) and was comparable between groups (first trimester p = 0.426; second trimester p = 0.937). During the first trimester, 15 % of the pregnant women had a healthy diet quality, 82 % had a diet that needed improvement, and 3 % had a poor diet quality. This was independent of surgery type and was comparable in the second trimester (p = 0.525). No difference between groups was observed for the PA level, but the PA level in the bypass group significantly decreased from the first to the second trimester (p = 0.033).

Conclusions

Nutritional advice and lifestyle coaching in this high-risk population seems recommendable since only 15 % of the pregnant women had a healthy diet quality, 25 % was smoking at the beginning of pregnancy, and the reported PA levels were low.

Keywords

Bariatric surgeryPregnancyVitaminsDietary habitsHealthy eating indexPhysical activity

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Guelinckx
    • 1
  • R. Devlieger
    • 2
  • P. Donceel
    • 1
  • S. Bel
    • 2
  • S. Pauwels
    • 1
  • A. Bogaerts
    • 3
  • I. Thijs
    • 4
  • K. Schurmans
    • 4
  • P. Deschilder
    • 4
  • G. Vansant
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Nutrition-Public Health MedicineCatholic University LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyUniversity Hospital LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Healthcare Research, PHL University College, KHLimLimburg Catholic University CollegeHasseltBelgium
  4. 4.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyAZ DiestDiestBelgium