Obesity Surgery

, Volume 22, Issue 7, pp 1097–1103

Sleeve Gastrectomy with Jejunal Bypass for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Patients with Body Mass Index <35 kg/m2. A cohort study

Authors

    • Department of SurgeryHospital DIPRECA
    • Faculty of MedicineUniversidad Diego Portales
  • Matías Sepúlveda
    • Department of SurgeryHospital DIPRECA
    • Faculty of MedicineUniversidad Diego Portales
  • José Gellona
    • Department of SurgeryHospital El Pino
    • Faculty of MedicineUniversidad Andrés Bello
  • Mauricio Herrera
    • Department of SurgeryHospital Base de Osorno
  • Cristián Astorga
    • Department of SurgeryHospital DIPRECA
  • Carlos Manterola
    • Department of SurgeryUniversidad de La Frontera
Technical Innovation

DOI: 10.1007/s11695-012-0652-x

Cite this article as:
Alamo, M., Sepúlveda, M., Gellona, J. et al. OBES SURG (2012) 22: 1097. doi:10.1007/s11695-012-0652-x

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate sleeve gastrectomy with jejunal bypass (SGJB) as a surgical treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in patients with a body mass index (BMI) <35 kg/m2. This is a prospective cohort study. Patients with T2DM and BMI <35 kg/m2 who underwent SGJB between January 2009 and June 2011 at DIPRECA Hospital, in Santiago, and Hospital Base, Osorno, Chile were included. SGJB consists of creating a gastric tube, which preserves the pylorus, and performing a jejunoileal anastomosis 300 cm distal to the angle of Treitz. Excess weight loss (EWL) and complete or partial remission of T2DM were reported. Forty-nine patients met the inclusion criteria. The mean age was 49 years (36–62), and 53 % of patients were female. Mean preoperative BMI was 31.6 kg/m2 (25–34.9 kg/m2). Operation time was 123 ± 14 min, with 94.7 % of operations performed laparoscopically. Mean postoperative hospital stay was 2 days. Mean postoperative follow-up was 12 months. Median EWL at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months postoperatively was 31.9 %, 56.9 %, 76.1 %, 81.5 %, and 76.1 %, respectively. Complete T2DM remission was achieved in 81.6 % of patients (40/49) and partial remission in 18.4 % (9/49). Forty of 41 patients (97.6 %) on oral hypoglycemic agents achieved complete T2DM remission, and 100 % of insulin-dependent patients stopped using insulin but were still being treated for T2DM. One patient experienced postoperative gastrointestinal bleeding. There were no deaths. SGJB is an effective treatment for T2DM in patients with BMI <35 kg/m2.

Keywords

Bariatric surgeryObesity surgeryType 2 diabetes mellitusBody mass indexMetabolic surgerySleeve gastrectomyJejunal bypassCohort studiesNew technique

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2012