Obesity Surgery

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 699–706

Pregnancy After Bariatric Surgery: Implications for Mother and Newborn

  • Cátia Millene Dell’Agnolo
  • Maria Dalva de Barros Carvalho
  • Sandra Marisa Pelloso
Other

DOI: 10.1007/s11695-011-0363-8

Cite this article as:
Millene Dell’Agnolo, C., Dalva de Barros Carvalho, M. & Marisa Pelloso, S. OBES SURG (2011) 21: 699. doi:10.1007/s11695-011-0363-8

Abstract

Background

The present study aimed to identify the implications for the mother and the newborn in pregnancies occurring after the bariatric surgery.

Methods

The present retrospective, exploratory cohort study was conducted to analyze the implications for the mother and the newborn in women of childbearing age (10 to 49 years) who became pregnant after undergoing bariatric surgery in Maringá, Paraná, Brazil, during the period from 1999 through 2008.

Results

The study identified 32 women with the following characteristics: the majority of the women were Caucasian, slightly more than half were living with a partner, had some higher education, and most of them were without surgical complications. In addition, the mean weight loss post-surgery was 44.09 lbs, with an average interval of 40 months between the surgery and the pregnancy, with improvement of various comorbidities post-surgery. Conversely, they presented more neuropsychiatric disorders, post-surgery anemia, and higher prevalence of cesarean delivery. The majority of children were born at term with normal birth weight and no history of anemia. Hospitalization was required for 36.58% of the post-surgery pregnant women, while 17.07% of such cases required blood transfusion due to anemia. Lastly, there were fewer pregnancy-related hypertension cases than before the surgery.

Conclusions

Pregnancy after bariatric surgery has proven to be safe for both the mother and the newborn. The newborn birth weight was not compromised even though some of the pregnant women were anemic.

Keywords

Obesity Morbid obesity Bariatric surgery Pregnancy Pregnancy outcome Birth weight 

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cátia Millene Dell’Agnolo
    • 1
  • Maria Dalva de Barros Carvalho
    • 2
  • Sandra Marisa Pelloso
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Nursing, Postgraduate Nursing ProgramMaringa State University (UEM)MaringáBrazil
  2. 2.Department of MedicineUEMMaringáBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Health SciencesUEMMaringáBrazil

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