Obesity: Preventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a WHO consultation. WHO Technical Report Series 894, Geneva, 2000.
James WPT, Rigby N, Leach R. The obesity epidemic, metabolic syndrome and future prevention strategies. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2004; 11: 3–8.PubMed
Haslam DW, James WPT. Obesity. Lancet 2005; 366: 1197–1209.PubMed
Chan JM, Rim EB, Colditz GA et al. Obesity, fat distribution, and weight gain as risk factors for clinical diabetes in men. Diabet Care 1994;17: 961–969.
Colditz GA, Willett WC, Rotnitzky A et al. Weight gain as a risk factor for clinical diabetes mellitus in women. Ann Intern Med 1995;122: 481–486.PubMed
Banegas JR, Polez–Garcia E, Gutierrez–Fisac JL et al. A simple estimate of mortality attributable to excess weight in the European Union. Eur J Clin Nutr 2003; 57: 201–208.PubMed
Poulose BK, Holman MD, Zhu Y et al. National variations in morbid obesity and bariatric surgery use. J Am Coll Surg 2005; 201: 77–84.PubMed
Adams KF, Schatzkin A, Hartus TB et al. Overweight, obesity, and mortality in a large prospective cohort of persons 50 to 71 years old. N Engl J Med 2006; 355: 763–468.PubMed
Drenick EJ, Bale GS, Seltzer F et al. Excessive mortality and cause of death in morbidly obese men. JAMA 1980; 243: 443–444.PubMed
Von Lengerke T, Reitmeir P, John J. Direct medical costs of (severe) obesity: a bottom-up assessment of over- vs. normal-weight adults in the KORA-study region (Augsburg, Germany). Gesundheitswesen 2006; 68: 110–115.
National Conference of State Legislatures, Vol. 13, No. 32. www.ncsl.org
Buchwald H. Bariatric surgery for morbid obesity: health implications for patients, health professionals, and third-party payers. J Am Coll Surg 2005; 200: 593–604.PubMed
Buchwald H, Avidor Y, Braunwald E et al. Bariatric surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA 2004; 292: 1724–1737.PubMed
Cancello R, Henegar C, Viguerie N et al. Reduction of macrophage infiltration and chemoattractant gene expression changes in white adipose tissue of morbidly obese subjects after surgery-induced weight loss. Diabetes 2005; 54: 2277–2286.PubMed
Special Report: Commonwealth of Massachusetts Betsy Lehman Center for Patient Safety and Medical Error Reduction Expert Panel on Weight Loss Surgery. Obes Res 2005; 13: 205–305.
Sauerland S, Angrisani l, Belachew M et al. Obesity Surgery. Evidence based guidelines of the EAES. Surg Endosc 2005; 19: 200–221.PubMed
Maggard MA, Shugarman ML, Suttorp M et al. Meta-Analysis: Surgical treatment of obesity. Ann Intern Med 2005; 142: 547–559.PubMed
Laville M, Romon M, Chavrier G et al. Recommendations Regarding Obesity Surgery. Obes Surg 2005; 15: 1476–1480.PubMed
Gastrointestinal surgery for severe obesity. National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference Draft Statement. Obes Surg 1991; 1: 257–265.
Ridley N. Expert panel on weight loss surgery – Executive report. Obes Res 2005; 13: 206–226.
Andersen T, Backer OG, Stokholm KH et al. Randomized trial of diet and gastroplasty compared with diet alone in morbid obesity. N Engl J Med 1984; 310: 352–356.PubMedCrossRef
Andersen T, Stokholm KH, Backer OG et al. Long term (5-year) results after either horizontal gastroplasty or very low-calorie diet for morbid obesity. Int J Obes 1988;12: 277–284.PubMed
Karason K, Lindroos AK, Stenlof K et al. Relief of cardiorespiratory symptoms and increased physical activity after surgically induced weight loss: results from the Swedish Obese Subjects study. Arch Intern Med 2000;160: 1797–1802.PubMed
Karlsson J, Sjostrom L, Sullivan M. Swedish obese subjects (SOS): an intervention study of obesity. Two-year follow-up of health-related quality of life (HRQL) and eating behavior after gastric surgery for severe obesity. Int J Obes 1998; 22: 113–126.
Fernandez AZ Jr, DeMaria EJ, Tichansky DS et al. Multivariate analysis of risk factors for death following gastric bypass for treatment of morbid obesity. Ann Surg 2004; 239: 698–703.PubMed
Sjostrom CD, Peltonen M, Wedel H et al. Differentiated long-term effects of intentional weight loss on diabetes and hypertension. Hypertension. 2000; 36: 20–25.PubMed
Sjostrom CD, Lissner I, Wedel H et al. Reduction in incidence of diabetes, hypertension and lipid disturbances after intentional weight loss induced by bariatric surgery: the SOS Intervention Study. Obes Res 1999; 7: 477–484.PubMed
Christou NV, Sampalis JS, Liberman M et al. Surgery decreases long-term mortality, morbidity, and health care use in morbidly obese patients. Ann Surg 2004; 240: 416–423.PubMed
Mun EC, Blackburn GL, Matthews JB. Current status of medical and surgical therapy for obesity. Gastroenterology 2001;120: 669–681.PubMed
Flum DR, Dellinger E. Impact of gastric bypass on survival: a population-based analysis. J Am Coll Surg 2004; 199: 543–551.PubMed
American College of Endocrinology (ACE), American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE). AACE/ACE position statement on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of obesity. Jacksonville (FL): American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. Endocr Pract 1998; 4: 297–350.
American Society for Bariatric Surgery, Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons. Guidelines for laparoscopic and open surgical treatment of morbid obesity. Obes Surg 2000; 10: 378–379.
Douketis JD, Feightner JW, Attia J et al, with the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care. Periodic health examination, 1999 update: 1. Detection, prevention and treatment of obesity. CMAJ 1999; 160: 513–525.
International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity. Statement on patient selection for bariatric surgery. Obes Surg 1997; 7: 41.
Lauterbach K, Westenhofer J, Wirth A et al. Evidenz-basierte Leitlinie zur Behandlung der Adipositas in Deutschland. Otto Hauser, Koln, 1998.
Msika S. Surgery for morbid obesity: 2. Complications. Results of a Technologic Evaluation by the ANAES. J Chir (Paris) 2003;140: 4–21.
National Institute for Clinical Excellence. Guidance on the use of surgery to aid weight reduction for people with morbid obesity (Technology Appraisal No. 46). National Institute for Clinical Excellence, London, 2002.
Apovian CM, Baker C, Ludwig DS et al. Best practice guidelines in pediatric/adolescent weight loss surgery. Obes Res 2005;13: 274–282.PubMed
Inge TH, Krebs NF, Garcia VF et al. Bariatric surgery for severely overweight adolescents: concerns and recommendations. Pediatrics 2004; 114: 217–223.PubMed
Sugerman HJ, Sugerman EL, DeMaria EJ et al. Bariatric surgery for severely obese adolescents. J Gastrointest Surg 2003; 7: 102–7.PubMed
Dolan K, Creighton L, Hopkins G et al. Laparoscopic gastric banding in morbidly obese adolescents. Obes Surg 2003; 13: 101–104.PubMed
Stanford A, Glascock JM, Eid GM et al. Laparoscopic Roux–en–Y gastric bypass in morbidly obese adolescents. J Pediatr Surg 2003; 38: 430–433.PubMed
Widhalm K, Dietrich S, Prager G. Adjustable gastric banding surgery in morbidly obese adolescents: Experience with 8 patients. Int J Obes 2004; 28: 42S–48S.
Silberhummer GR, Miller K, Kriwanek S et al. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding in adolescents: The Austrian experience. Obes Surg 2006; 16: 1062–1067.
Capella JF, Capella RF. Bariatric surgery in adolescence: is this the best age to operate? Obes Surg 2003; 13: 826–832.PubMed
Patterson EJ, Urbach DR, Swanstrom LL. A comparison of diet and exercise therapy versus laparoscopic Roux–en–Y gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity: a decision analysis model. J Am Coll Surg 2003;196: 379–384.PubMed
Averbukh Y, Heshka S, El–Shoreya H et al. Depression score predicts weight loss following Roux–en–Y gastric bypass. Obes Surg 2003; 13: 833–836.PubMed
Ray EC, Nickels MW, Sayeed S et al. Predicting success after gastric bypass: the role of psychosocial and behavioral factors. Surgery 2003; 134: 555–564.PubMed
Charles SC. Psychiatric evaluation of morbidly obese patients. Gastroenterol Clin North Am 1987; 16: 415–432.PubMed
Gertler R, Ramsey–Stewart G. Pre-operative psychiatric assessment of patients presenting for gastric bariatric surgery (surgical control of morbid obesity). Aust N Z J Surg 1986; 56: 157–161.PubMed
Guisado JA, Vaz FJ, Lopez–Ibor JJ et al. Gastric surgery and restraint from food as triggering factors of eating disorders in morbid obesity. Int J Eat Disord 2002; 31: 97–100.PubMed
Sogg S, Mori DL. The Boston interview for gastric bypass: determining the psychological suitability of surgical candidates. Obes Surg 2004; 14: 370–380PubMed
Ferraro DR. Preparing patients for bariatric surgery – the clinical considerations. Clin Rev 2004; 14: 57–63.
Naef M, Sadowski C, de Marco D et al. Die vertikale Gastroplastik nach Mason zur Behandlung der morbiden Adipositas: Ergebnisse einer prospektiven klinischen Studie. Chirurg 2000; 71: 448–455.PubMed
Wiesner W, Schob O, Hauser RS et al. Adjustable laparoscopic gastric banding in patients with morbid obesity: radiographic management, results, and postoperative complications. Radiology 2000;216: 389–394.PubMed
Schumann R, Jones SB, Ortiz VE et al. Best practice recommendations for anesthetic perioperative care and pain management in weight loss surgery. Obes Res 2005; 13: 254–266.PubMed
O’Keefe T, Patterson EJ. Evidence supporting routine polysomnography before bariatric surgery. Obes Surg 2004; 14: 23–26.
Sugerman HJ, Fairman RP, Baron PL et al. Gastric surgery for respiratory insufficiency of obesity. Chest 1986; 90: 81–86.PubMed
Sugerman HJ, Fairman RP, Sood RK et al. Longterm effects of gastric surgery for treating respiratory insufficiency of obesity. Am J Clin Nutr 1992; 55: 597S–601S.PubMed
Miller K, Hell E. Laparoscopic surgical concepts of morbid obesity. Langenbecks Arch Surg 2003; 388: 375–384.PubMed
Naef M, Sadowski C, de Marco D et al. Die vertikale Gastroplastik nach Mason zur Behandlung der morbiden Adipositas: Ergebnisse einer prospektiven klinischen Studie. Chirurg 2000; 71: 448–455.PubMed
Gonzalez R, Bowers SP, Venkatesh KR et al. Preoperative factors predictive of complicated postoperative management after Roux–en–Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity. Surg Endosc 2003; 17: 1900–1914.PubMed
Frey WC, Pilcher J. Obstructive sleep-related breathing disorders in patients evaluated for bariatric surgery. Obes Surg 2003; 13: 676–683.PubMed
Sharaf RN, Weinshel EH, Bini EJ et al. Radiologic assessment of the upper gastrointestinal tract: does it play an important preoperative role in bariatric surgery? Obes Surg 2004; 14: 313–317.PubMed
Jaffin BW, Knoepflmacher P, Greenstein R. High prevalence of asymptomatic esophageal motility disorders among morbidly obese patients. Obes Surg 1999; 9: 390–395.PubMed
Frigg A, Peterli R, Zynamon A et al. Radiologic and endoscopic evaluation for laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding: preoperative and followup. Obes Surg 2001; 11: 594–599.PubMed
Greenstein RJ, Nissan A, Jaffin B. Esophageal anatomy and function in laparoscopic gastric restrictive bariatric surgery: implications for patient selection. Obes Surg 1998; 8: 199–206.PubMed
Verset D, Houben JJ, Gay F et al. The place of upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy before and after vertical banded gastroplasty for morbid obesity. Dig Dis Sci 1997; 42: 2333–2337.PubMed
Saltzman E, Anderson W, Apovian CM et al. Criteria for patient selection and multidisciplinary evaluation and treatment of the weight loss surgery patient. Obes Res 2005; 13: 234–243.PubMed
Kelly J, Tarnoff M, Shikora S et al. Best practice recommendations for surgical care in weight loss surgery. Obes Res 2005; 13: 227–233.PubMed
Brolin RE. Bariatric surgery and long-term control of morbid obesity. JAMA 2002; 288: 2793–2796.PubMed
Mun EC, Blackburn GL, Matthews JB. Current status of medical and surgical therapy for obesity. Gastroenterology 2001; 120: 669–681.PubMed
Murr MM, Balsiger BM, Kennedy FP et al. Malabsorptive procedures for severe obesity: comparison of pancreaticobiliary bypass and very very long limb Roux–en–Y gastric bypass. J Gastrointest Surg 1999; 3: 607–612.PubMed
Scopinaro N, Gianetta E, Adami GF et al. Biliopancreatic diversion for obesity at eighteen years. Surgery 1996; 119: 261–268.PubMed
Scopinaro N, Marinari GM, Camerini G. Laparoscopic standard biliopancreatic diversion: technique and preliminary results. Obes Surg 2002; 12: 362–365.PubMed
Howard L, Malone M, Michalek A et al. Gastric bypass and vertical banded gastroplasty – a prospective randomized comparison and 5-year follow- up. Obes Surg 1995; 5: 55–60.PubMed
van Dielen FM, Soeters PB, de Brauw LM et al. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding versus open vertical banded gastroplasty: A prospective randomized trial. Obes Surg 2005; 15: 1292–1298.PubMed
Brolin RE, Kenler HA, Gorman JH et al. Long-limb gastric bypass in the superobese. A prospective randomized study. Ann Surg 1992; 215: 387–395.PubMed
Podnos YD, Jimenez JC, Wilson SE et al. Complications after laparoscopic gastric bypass: a review of 3464 cases. Arch Surg 2003; 138: 957–961.PubMed
Perugini RA, Mason R, Czerniach DR et al. Predictors of complication and suboptimal weight loss after laparoscopic Roux–en–Y gastric bypass: a series of 188 patients. Arch Surg 2003; 138: 541–545.PubMed
Nguyen NT, Rivers R, Wolfe BM. Factors associated with operative outcomes in laparoscopic gastric bypass. J Am Coll Surg 2003; 197: 548–555.PubMed
Ren CJ, Weiner M, Allen JW. Favorable early results of gastric banding for morbid obesity: the American experience. Surg Endosc 2004; 18: 543–546.PubMed
Rubenstein RB. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding at a U.S. center with up to 3-year followup. Obes Surg 2002; 12: 380–384.PubMed
O’Brien PE, Dixon JB, Brown W et al. The laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (Lap-Band): a prospective study of medium-term effects on weight, health and quality of life. Obes Surg 2002; 12: 652–660.PubMed
Spivak H, Favretti F. Avoiding postoperative complications with the LAP-BAND system. Am J Surg 2002; 184: 31S–37S.PubMed
Belachew M, Belva PH, Desaive C. Long-term results of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding for treatment of morbid obesity. Obes Surg 2002; 12: 564–568.PubMed
DeMaria EJ, Sugerman HJ. A critical look at laparoscopic adjustable silicone gastric banding for surgical treatment of morbid obesity: does it measure up? Surg Endosc 2000; 14: 697–699.PubMed
Favretti F, Cadiere GB, Segato G et al. Laparoscopic adjustable silicone gastric banding (Lap-Band): how to avoid complications. Obes Surg 1997; 7: 352–358.PubMed
Fried M, Miller K, Kormanova K. Literature review of comparative studies of complications with Swedish band and Lap-Band. Obes Surg 2004; 14: 256–260.PubMed
Fried M, Peskova M, Kasalicky M. Assessment of the outcome of laparoscopic nonadjustable gastric banding and stoma adjustable gastric banding: surgeon’s and patient’s view. Obes Surg 1998; 8: 45–48.PubMed
Hall JC, Watts JM, O’Brien PE et al. Gastric surgery for morbid obesity. The Adelaide Study. Ann Surg 1990; 211: 419–427.PubMed
Laws HL, Piantadosi S. Superior gastric reduction procedure for morbid obesity: a prospective, randomized trial. Ann Surg 1981; 193: 334–340.PubMed
Bajardi G, Ricevuto G, Mastrandrea G et al. Surgical treatment of morbid obesity with biliopancreatic diversion and gastric banding: report on an 8-year experience involving 235 cases. Ann Chir 2000; 125: 155–162.PubMed
Chapman AE, Kiroff G, Game P et al. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding in the treatment of obesity: a systematic literature review. Surgery 2004; 135: 326–351.PubMed
Dolan K, Hatzifotis M, Newbury L et al. A comparison of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and biliopancreatic diversion in superobesity. Obes Surg 2004; 14: 165–169.PubMed
Jones DB, Provost DA, DeMaria EJ et al. Optimal management of the morbidly obese patient. SAGES appropriateness conference statement. Surg Endosc 2004;18:1029–1037.PubMed
American Society for Bariatric Surgery. 2004 ASBS Bariatric Surgery guidelines. www.lapsurgery.com
Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons. Guidelines for institutions granting bariatric priviledges utilizing laparoscopic techniques. SAGES and the SAGES Bariatric Task Force. Surg Endosc 2003; 17: 2037–2040.
Flum DR, Dellinger EP. Impact of gastric bypassoperation on survival: a population-based analysis. J Am Col1 Surg 2004; 199: 543–551.
Schauer P, Ikramuddin S, Hamad G et al. The learning curve for laparoscopic Roux–en–Y gastric bypass is 100 cases. Surg Endosc 2003; 17: 212–215.PubMed
Wittgrove AC, Clark GW. Laparoscopic gastric bypass, Roux–en–Y – 500 patients: technique and results with 3–60 months follow-up. Obes Surg 2000; 10: 233–239.PubMed
Higa KD, Boone KB, Ho T et al. Laparoscopic Roux–en–Y gastric-bypass for morbid obesity: technique and preliminary results of our first 400 patients. Arch Surg 2000; 135: 1029–1033.PubMed
Courcoulas A, Schuchert M, Gatti G et al. The relationship of surgeon and hospital volume to outcome after gastric bypass surgery in Pennsylvania: a 3- year summary. Surgery 2003; 134: 613–623.PubMed
Bloomberg RD, Fleishman A, Nalle JE et al. Nutritional deficiencies following bariatric surgery: what have we learned? Obes Surg 2005; 15: 145–154.PubMed
Deitel M, Shikora SA. The development of the surgical treatment of morbid obesity. J Am Coll Nutr 2002; 21: 365–371.PubMed
Shen R, Dugay G, Rajaram K et al. Impact of patient follow-up on weight loss after bariatric surgery. Obes Surg 2004; 14: 514–519.PubMed
Favretti F, O’Brien PE, Dixon JB. Patient management after LAP-BAND placement. Am J Surg 2002;184: 38S–41S.PubMed
Busetto L, Pisent C, Segato G et al. The influence of a new timing strategy of band adjustment on the vomiting frequency and the food consumption of obese women operated with laparoscopic adjustable silicone gastric banding (LAP-BAND). Obes Surg 1997; 7: 505–512.PubMed
Rabkin RA, Rabkin JM, Metcalf B et al. Nutritional markers following duodenal switch for morbid obesity. Obes Surg 2004; 14: 84–90.PubMed
Ledikwe JH, Smiciklas–Wright H, Mitchell DC et al. Nutritional risk assessment and obesity in rural older adults: a sex difference. Am J Clin Nutr 2003; 77: 551–558.PubMed
Ledikwe JH, Smiciklas–Wright H, Mitchell DC et al. Dietary patterns of rural older adults are associated with weight and nutritional status. J Am Geriatr Soc 2004; 52: 589–595.PubMed
MacLean LD, Rhode B, Shizgal HN. Nutrition after vertical banded gastroplasty. Ann Surg 1987; 206: 555–563.PubMedCrossRef
Hamoui N, Anthone G, Crookes PF. Calcium metabolism in the morbidly obese. Obes Surg 2004; 14: 175–181.
Faintuch J, Matsuda M, Cruz ME et al. Severe protein-calorie malnutrition after bariatric procedures. Obes Surg 2004; 14: 175–181.PubMed
Baltasar A, Serra C, Perez N et al. Clinical hepatic impairment after the duodenal switch. Obes Surg 2004; 14: 77–83.PubMed
Boylan LM, Sugerman HJ, Driskell JA. Vitamin E, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12, and folate status of gastric bypass surgery patients. J Am Diet Assoc 1988; 88: 579–585.PubMed
Cannizzo F Jr, Kral JG. Obesity surgery: a model of programmed undernutrition. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 1998; 1: 363–368.PubMed
Hamoui N, Kim K, Anthone G et al. The significance of elevated levels of parathyroid hormone in patients with morbid obesity before and after bariatric surgery. Arch Surg 2003; 138: 891–897.PubMed
Skroubis G, Sakellaropoulos G, Pouggouras K et al. Comparison of nutritional deficiencies after Rouxen–Y gastric bypass and after biliopancreatic diversion with Roux–en–Y gastric bypass. Obes Surg 2002; 12: 551–558.PubMed
Slater GH, Ren CJ, Siegel N et al. Serum fat-soluble vitamin deficiency and abnormal calcium metabolism after malabsorptive bariatric surgery. J Gastrointest Surg 2004; 8: 48–55.PubMed
Halverson JD. Micronutrient deficiencies after gastric bypass for morbid obesity. Am Surg 1986; 52: 594–598.PubMed
Avinoah E, Ovnat A, Charuzi I. Nutritional status seven years after Roux–en–Y gastric bypass surgery. Surgery 1992; 111: 137–142.PubMed
Brolin RE, Gorman RC, Milgrim LM et al. Multivitamin prophylaxis in prevention of post-gastric bypass vitamin and mineral deficiencies. Int J Obes 991; 15: 661–667.
Rhode BM, Arseneau P, Cooper BA et al. Vitamin B-12 deficiency after gastric surgery for obesity. Am J Clin Nutr 1996; 63: 103–109.PubMed
Schilling RF, Gohdes PN, Hardie GH. Vitamin B12 deficiency after gastric bypass surgery for obesity. Ann Intern Med 1984; 101: 501–502.PubMed
Simon SR, Zemel R, Betancourt S et al. Hematologic complications of gastric bypass for morbid obesity. South Med J 1989; 82: 1108–1110.PubMed
Brolin RE, Gorman JH, Gorman RC et al. Are vitamin B12 and folate deficiency clinically important after Roux–en–Y gastric bypass? J Gastrointest Surg 1998; 2: 436–442.PubMed
Halverson JD. Metabolic risk of obesity surgery and long term follow-up. Am J Clin Nutr 1992; 55: 602S–605S.PubMed
Goode LR, Brolin RE, Chowdhury HA et al. Bone and gastric bypass surgery: effects of dietary calcium and vitamin D. Obes Res 2004; 12: 40–47.PubMedCrossRef
Coates PS, Fernstrom JD, Fernstrom MH et al. Gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity leads to an increase in bone turnover and a decrease in bone mass. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2004; 89: 1061–1065.PubMed
Shaker JL, Norton AJ, Woods MF et al. Secondary hyperparathyroidism and osteopenia in women following gastric exclusion surgery for obesity. Osteoporos Int 1991; 1: 177–181.PubMed
Abu–Abeid S, Keidar A, Gavert N et al. The clinical spectrum of band erosion following laparoscopic adjustable silicone gastric banding for morbid obesity. Surg Endosc 2003; 17: 861–863.PubMed
Jones KB Jr. Revisional bariatric surgery - safe and effective. Obes Surg 2001; 11: 183–189.PubMed
Weber M, Muller MK, Michel JM et al. Laparoscopic Roux–en–Y gastric bypass, but not rebanding, should be proposed as rescue procedure for patients with failed laparoscopic gastric banding. Ann Surg 2003; 238: 827–834.PubMed
Dolan K, Fielding G. Biliopancreatic diversion following failure of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. Surg Endosc 2004; 18: 60–63.PubMed
Chevallier JM, Zinzindohoue F, Douard R et al. Complications after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding for morbid obesity: experience with 1,000 patients over 7 years. Obes Surg 2004; 14: 407–414.PubMed
Iovino P, Angrisani L, Tremolaterra F et al. Abnormal esophageal acid exposure is common in morbidly obese patients and improves after a successful Lap-band system implantation. Surg Endosc 2002; 16: 1631–135.PubMed
Niville E, Dams A. Late pouch dilation after laparoscopic adjustable gastric and esophagogastric banding: incidence, treatment, and outcome. Obes Surg 1999; 9: 381–384.PubMed
Sanyal AJ, Sugerman HJ, Kellum JM et al. Stomal complications of gastric bypass: incidence and outcome of therapy. Am J Gastroenterol 1992; 87: 1165–1169.PubMed
Schwartz ML, Drew RL, Roiger RW et al. Stenosis of the gastroenterostomy after laparoscopic gastric bypass. Obes Surg 2004; 14: 484–491.PubMed
Barba CA, Butensky MS, Lorenzo M et al. Endoscopic dilation of gastroesophageal anastomosis stricture after gastric bypass. Surg Endosc 2003; 17: 416–420.PubMed
Schauer PR, Ikrammudin S, Gourash W et al. Outcomes after laparoscopic Roux–en–Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity. Ann Surg 2000; 232: 515–529.PubMed
Spaulding L. Treatment of dilated gastrojejunostomy with sclerotherapy. Obes Surg 2003; 13: 254–257.PubMed
Anthone GJ, Lord RV, DeMeester TR et al. The duodenal switch operation for the treatment of morbid obesity. Ann Surg 2003; 238: 618–628.PubMed
Bloomberg RD, Urbach DR. Laparoscopic Rouxen–Y gastric bypass for severe gastroesophageal reflux after vertical banded gastroplasty. Obes Surg 2002; 12: 408–441.PubMed