Thermodynamic Assessment of Cr-Rare Earth Systems
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- Chan, W., Gao, M.C., Doğan, Ö.N. et al. J. Phase Equilib. Diffus. (2009) 30: 578. doi:10.1007/s11669-009-9581-3
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Addition of light rare earth elements in small amounts to refractory metal based alloys (e.g., Cr) can increase both ductility and creep resistance of an alloy because the additives absorb residual oxygen in the alloy by forming oxides that can serve as dispersion strengtheners. In this work, three binary systems, Cr-Ce, Cr-La and Cr-Y, were thermodynamically assessed based on limited experimental data available in the literature using the CALPHAD method. Self-consistent and reasonable thermodynamic descriptions for all three systems were obtained. More importantly, two predictions are made: a peritectic reaction in the La-rich side of Cr-La system and a catatectic reaction in the Y-rich side of Cr-Y system. These predictions and the developed databases are subject to future experiments that are needed to clarify several discrepancies in these binaries.