, Volume 20, Issue 1-2, pp 12-20
Date: 15 Oct 2010

Velocity Diagnostics for Gas Velocity Distributions in Cold Gas and Plasma Spraying Using Non-Resonant Laser Scattering

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In cold spray and thermal spray applications, one of the primary factors affecting coating deposition is the location where particles are injected into the gas jet. Therefore, a detailed knowledge of the gas flow distribution at that location is required. Use of non-resonant laser scattering allows to spatially resolve the distribution of drift velocity and mass density within the flow, particularly, at locations close to the injector. Based on this technique, this article presents a new diagnostic to locally measure drift velocity and relative mass density distribution of a gas stream. Its application is mainly focused on cold gas flows, where velocity measurements in a supersonic nozzle, obtained by means of laser scattering correlate well with theoretical calculations and particle image velocimetry (PIV) experimental results.

This article is an invited paper selected from presentations at the 2010 International Thermal Spray Conference and has been expanded from the original presentation. It is simultaneously published in Thermal Spray: Global Solutions for Future Applications, Proceedings of the 2010 International Thermal Spray Conference, Singapore, May 3-5, 2010, Basil R. Marple, Arvind Agarwal, Margaret M. Hyland, Yuk-Chiu Lau, Chang-Jiu Li, Rogerio S. Lima, and Ghislain Montavon, Ed., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, 2011.