MBE-Grown II–VI and Related Nanostructures
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- Sou, I.K., Lok, S., Wang, G. et al. Journal of Elec Materi (2010) 39: 882. doi:10.1007/s11664-010-1215-3
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Nanostructures of II–VI semiconductor materials could potentially offer novel and superior physical (in particular, optoelectronic) properties with respect to their bulk counterparts. Herein, we present our most recent research on several II–VI and related nanostructures grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) technique. These include a ZnSe nanograting. This nanograting structure was realized at the surface of Fe/ZnSe bilayers grown on GaAs(001) substrates by thermal annealing. A model based on an Ewald construction is presented to explain its unusual reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) patterns. The formation mechanism of this one-dimensional (1D) nanostructure is possibly related to surface energy minimization, together with an Fe–Se exchange interaction and Fe-induced decomposition of several top ZnSe atomic layers during thermal annealing. Another nanostructure investigated was the ZnS Schottky barrier embedded with Fe quantum dots (QDs). Here, a Au/ZnS/Fe-QDs/ZnS/n+-GaAs(100) Schottky barrier structure containing five layers of spherical Fe quantum dots with a diameter of ~3 nm was fabricated. Its I–V characteristic measured from 5 K to 295 K displays negative differential resistance (NDR) for temperature ≤50 K. Staircase-like I–V characteristics were also observed at low temperature in some devices fabricated from this structure. Possible mechanisms that can account for the observed unusual I-V characteristic in this structure are presented. Finally, laterally grown Fe nanowires (NWs) on a ZnS surface were prepared. Under high growth/annealing temperature, two types of Fe NWs with specific orientations can be grown on the ZnS(100) surface. We propose a mean-field model that the torque exerted by type A Fe NWs could effectively turn the two components of type B Fe NWs slightly toward the ZnS  direction, leading to the observed misalignment of type B Fe NWs.