Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 39, Issue 5, pp 526-529

First online:

MOS Characteristics of C-Face 4H-SiC

  • Z. ChenAffiliated withPhysics Department, Auburn University Email author 
  • , A.C. AhyiAffiliated withPhysics Department, Auburn University
  • , X. ZhuAffiliated withPhysics Department, Auburn University
  • , M. LiAffiliated withPhysics Department, Auburn University
  • , T. Isaacs-SmithAffiliated withPhysics Department, Auburn University
  • , J.R. WilliamsAffiliated withPhysics Department, Auburn University
  • , L.C. FeldmanAffiliated withInstitute of Advanced Materials, Devices and Nanotechnology, Rutgers University

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Metal–oxide–semiconductor (MOS) capacitors and MOS field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) fabricated on the carbon face of 4H-SiC were characterized following different postoxidation annealing methods used to passivate the oxide–semiconductor (O–S) interface. Of the various processes studied, sequential postoxidation annealing in NO followed by atomic hydrogen gave the lowest interface trap density (D it). Direct oxidation/passivation in NO yielded somewhat better IV characteristics, though all passivation ambients produced approximately the same breakdown field strength. n-Channel MOSFETs showed high channel mobility at low field, which is likely caused by the presence of mobile ions at the O–S interface. Comparisons with the silicon face are presented for interface trap density, oxide breakdown field, and channel mobility. These comparisons suggest that the carbon face does not offer significant performance advantages.


4H-SiC carbon face interface traps oxide breakdown channel mobility