Low-temperature sintering behavior of Ag nanoparticles was investigated. The nano Ag particles used (∼20 nm) exhibited obvious sintering behavior at significantly lower temperatures (∼150°C) than the Tm (960°C) of silver. Coalescence of the nano Ag particles was observed by sintering the particles at 150°C, 200°C, and 250°C. The thermal profile of the nanoparticles was examined by a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). Shrinkage of the Ag-nanoparticle compacts during the sintering process was observed by thermomechanical analysis (TMA). Sintering of the nanoparticle pellet led to a significant increase in density and electrical conductivity. The size of the sintered particles and the crystallite size of the particles increased with increasing sintering temperature.
Silver nanoparticlesthermal behaviorsinteringmelting point depressionlow-temperature interconnect