, Volume 38, Issue 12, pp 2907-2915,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 30 Oct 2007

Fracture of Nitinol under Quasistatic and Dynamic Loading

Abstract

Owing to the potential application of Nitinol as an advanced structural material, it is essential to thoroughly understand the deformation and fracture behavior of Nitinol under various loading conditions. The present study explores the fracture behavior of Nitinol under quasistatic and dynamic loading, with emphasis on the fracture toughness and fracture mechanism of Nitinol. To this end, the precracked bend sample was employed to perform dynamic fracture testing using a modified (pulse-shaped) Hopkinson-pressure-bar-loaded fracture-testing system. The dynamic fracture initiation toughness was measured under stress-state equilibrium conditions at a loading rate of \( \sim 10^{6} {\text{MPa}}{\sqrt {\text{m}} }{\text{/s}} \) . To further investigate the fracture mechanism, additional dynamic fracture tests were performed using double-crack, four-point bend samples. The experimental results indicate that the dynamic fracture toughness of Nitinol is higher than it is under quasistatic loading, and that the loading rate influences the fracture mechanisms of Nitinol. The interplay between the dynamic strength of Nitinol and the activation stress for stress-induced martensite (SIM) transformation plays an important role in the fracture behavior of Nitinol.

This article is based on a presentation given in the symposium “Dynamic Behavior of Materials,” which occurred February 26–March 1, 2007, during the TMS Annual Meeting in Orlando, FL, under the auspices of the TMS Structural Materials Division and the TMS/ASM Mechanical Behavior of Materials Committee.