, Volume 38, Issue 7, pp 1433-1447
Date: 22 May 2007

Modeling of Cast Iron Solidification—The Defining Moments

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There are many to contend that today human civilization has reached the age of engineered materials, yet the importance of iron castings continues to support the thesis that we are still in the Iron Age. Cast iron, the .rst man-made composite, is at least 2500 years old. It remains the most important casting material, with about 75 pct of the total world tonnage. This article is a review of the mathematical models that describe the fundamentals of solidification of iron-base materials, from the seminal articles by Jackson–Hunt (JH) and that of Old.eld, the first to attempt modeling of microstructure evolution during solidification, to the prediction of mechanical properties. The latest analytical models for irregular eutectics such as cast iron as well as numerical models with microstructure output (visualization models) are discussed. Because of space limitations, models for casting soundness are not included.

This article is based on a presentation made in the symposium entitled “solidification Modeling and Microstructure Formation: In Honor of Prof. John Hunt,” which occurred March 13–15, 2006, during the TMS Spring Meeting in San Antonio, Texas, under the auspices of the TMS Materials Processing and Manufacturing Division, Solidification Committee.